TB stands for tuberculosis and it was discovered in 1720, by Benjamin Marten, an English Physician. it is an airborne disease of the lungs that manifests symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. It is caused by a bacteria known as mycobacterium tuberculosis.

The Mycobacterium Tuberculosis,

This Bacteria is also known as Koch’s Bacillus, and was discovered in the year 1882, by Robert Koch. it is from the family of bacteria known as Mycobacterium and is predominantly the causative agent. There are 9 different related genetic groups of the mycobacteria, including, M. tuberculosis, M. Africanum, M. Canetti, M. Bovis, M. Caprae, M. Microti, M. Pinnipedi, M. Mungi, and M. Orygis.

The Mode of Human Infection

It is not exactly clear how the first human host got in contact with. Still, from earlier records, it was first found in a mother and child host over 3,300 years ago, with multiple mentions of domicile, in East Africa. TB is spread through the air, it is an airborne disease. When a carrier or host coughs in a poorly ventilated space within six meters of a potential host, The airborne droplets of the strain can get into the host.

A Description of how Tuberculosis is spread through Cough, An Airborne respiratory Infection

TB Test and Diagnosis near me

Before a test, some symptoms are suggestive of an Infection, These symptoms include weight loss, night sweats, back pain, persistent cough, weakness, tiredness, and neck swellings that have not gone away for a long time. If a person notices any of these symptoms they are expected to call in for testing or examination. however, certain kinds of TB may not show these symptoms but are still deadly.

Pulmonary and Extra Pulmonary Types

Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a form that involves the lung parenchyma tissues, this type of tuberculosis is the more infectious type compared to the other type, the extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, it is also charaterized by the presence of lesions in the lungs as well.

Extra- Pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB)

This type of tuberculosis involves one or more organs other than the lung parenchyma, for example, The pleura, the lymph nodes, abdomen, genitourinary tract, skin, joints and bones, Meninges.

Showers Foundation will be hosting another outreach in 2024 click here to Participate